Striking techniques in a martial art from Japan are known as Atemi Waza.
Striking or Atemi is an important part of Junsui Ryu Ju Jitsu.
Knowing where and how to strike provides options which enhance the student’s self-defence abilities, particularly when dealing with multiple attackers.
In addition, a thorough understanding of how to strike allows one to effectively counter such strikes. Failure to understand the mechanics of striking as a central part of the art would of course raise the question of the effectiveness of any techniques employed to defend against such attacks.
A thorough understanding of atemi also illustrates the use of the whole body as a weapon as strikes can be employed using hands, feet, elbow, knees, head etc.
As with all techniques, a whole body sensitivity is vital to ensure one strikes from a position of balance and power, preferably at the same time as interupting the opponent’s balance and power base.
Finally, one must also fully understand the consequences in terms of the effect of striking on the other person, in order to ensure that any atemi employed creates a reaction which produces the desired result. As a simple example, one should not use a strike to the solar plexus which results in the opponent doubling up in the middle if one is seeking to use a hip throw, as the strike effectively reduces the ability to follow up with the throw. Far better to employ a distracting strike to the face to rock the balance and allow entry to the throw.
Atemi is therefore a wider concept than simply how to strike but an understanding of where to strike and what the consequences of that strike will be. In other words, like all of Junsui Ryu Ju Jitsu, atemi is used intellegently to achieve a desired aim and is not simply flailing around without focus.